Study finds ‘causal effect’ on neurotic behavior

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A new study shows that diastolic blood pressure can lead to neuroticism, which is associated with anxiety and mood disorders. VISUAL SPECTRUM/Stocksy
  • Blood pressure is a crucial part of health, with high blood pressure being linked to an increased risk of serious physical health problems.
  • How blood pressure might impact other areas of well-being, such as mental and psychosocial health, is not fully understood.
  • A new study shows that diastolic blood pressure can contribute to neuroticism. People with this personality type are more prone to anxiety and the development of other mood disorders.
  • Managing blood pressure can help manage neuroticism-induced mood disorders.

The relationship between physical and mental health is an area of ​​continuing study.

One area of ​​interest is how high blood pressure can impact mental health outcomes like anxiety and the Depression.

A new study recently published in General psychiatry found that diastolic blood pressure may have a causal effect on neuroticism.

This personality trait can contribute to anxiety and mood disorders. The study opens up the possibility of further research into this complex relationship.

Blood pressure involves the force of blood pumped by the heart throughout the body.

There are two main readings for this: the systolic pressure and the diastolic pressure.

Systolic pressure is a measure of when the heart contracts. Diastolic pressure measures when the heart is at rest.

High blood pressure can be dangerous and is a risk factor for more serious health problems, including stroke, vision loss and heart failure. Researchers are still working to understand how blood pressure affects components of mental health and mental illness.

The researchers in this particular study were interested in how blood pressure influences neuroticism. david tzalPsy.D., a licensed psychologist not involved in the study, offered some insight into the neurotic personality type:

“Neuroticism covers many different parts of a personality, and it doesn’t necessarily encompass one thing. Those with higher neuroticism scores are likely to be more sensitive to their emotions or situations, to worrying disproportionately about a situation and having high levels of anxiety While some people may view neuroticism as negative, it is neither good nor bad Neuroticism has many adaptive qualities and can be of great use to someone It is perceived with a negative perception, but it is not accurate.

Neuroticism is not a mental health disorder – but people with this personality type are more prone to negative emotions and mood swings.

Neuroticism can also be a risk factor for mental illnesses such as anxiety disorders, schizophrenia and mood disorders.

For the present study, the researchers wanted to see if they could identify a causal relationship between four components of blood pressure (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, pulse pressure and hypertension) and four psychological states (anxiety, depression, neuroticism and subjective state). welfare).

The researchers used a unique technique called Mendelian randomization in their work. This method examines genetic variants to help determine if a specific factor causes a particular outcome. It is a way to indirectly investigate the cause in a way that does not harm the study participants. The authors used genome-wide association studies to collect their data.

Most of the factors examined did not become significant. The main exceptions were the relationship between diastolic blood pressure and neuroticism.

The results indicated that diastolic blood pressure has a “genetic causal effect on neuroticism.”

Based on these findings, the researchers note that “appropriate management of BP can reduce neuroticism, neuroticism-inducing mood disorders, and cardiovascular disease.”

Dr Melody Hermela cardiologist from United Medical Doctors in Southern California, not involved in the study, shared her thoughts on the research with Medical News Today:

“Previous studies have noted an association between anxiety disorders and hypertension. Highlights of this trial include the use of GWAS [Genome-wide association studies] datasets with large sample sizes. In general, the association between DBP [diastolic blood pressure] and neuroticism aligns with our understanding of the deleterious effects of stress on the body.

This study indicates the need for further research into the relationship between mental health, emotions and blood pressure.

It has several limitations due to the nature of the study and its research methods. The researchers mainly used genetic information from European populations. This indicates the need for more diversified follow-ups.

The researchers also recognized the possibility of bias in the results regarding the psychological characteristics underlying the blood pressure characteristics.

It is also possible that a gene influenced more than one characteristic (pleiotrophy). Dr. Hermel then shared his thoughts on further research in this area:

“The specific causal relationship between DBP [diastolic blood pressure] and neuroticism is a bit difficult to disentangle. As the authors note, neuroticism is a complex trait, and studying it independently of anxiety and depression can produce biases. In the era of machine learning, one could envision advanced analysis aggregating features of anxiety disorders to better understand their relationship to hypertension.

This study adds to a growing body of evidence that controlling blood pressure is essential to keeping it within a healthy range.

The results suggest that blood pressure control may influence other areas of well-being, such as mental and emotional health.

Thus, taking steps to control blood pressure could be essential for maintaining emotional well-being and helping to reduce some of the effects of neuroticism.

Controlling blood pressure can involve both lifestyle changes and sometimes the use of medications.

“Blood pressure management requires a multi-faceted approach that combines proper monitoring, lifestyle changes, and sometimes medication,” Dr Jim Liua cardiologist at Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, not involved in the study, said DTM.

Dr. Liu explained that the first step in managing blood pressure is to monitor blood pressure levels, usually at home and during doctor visits.

“If blood pressure is elevated, lifestyle measures are usually recommended, such as weight loss, adherence to a low-sodium diet, and exercise,” Dr. Liu said.

“If blood pressure medication is needed, it is important to take it as directed and maintain regular follow-up with health care. [professionals].”

Denise W. Whigham